Developed and managed by the residents themselves, it combines the autonomy of private dwellings with the advantages of more social living. Although individual dwellings are designed to be self-contained – each having its own kitchen, bathroom and living areas – the extensive common facilities and in particular optional common house dinners are valued features of cohousing.
In the US more than 120 cohousing projects have been completed and there are more than 100 projects in the planning stage. In the UK there are 14 cohousing communities, with a further 40+ in the planning stages. In Denmark today 1 percent of the population – about 50,000 people – live in cohousing.
In NZ we have one cohousing community, Earthsong, located in West Auckland.